The Kellogg-Briand Pact
Back in the day on August 27th, 1928, the Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in the city of Paris by fifteen nations pledging to halt wars of aggression. In the wake of the ravages of the First World War, the United States and France had originally approached the notion of the pact through a bilateral agreement. U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand discussed formally abolishing any possibility of war solely between the two nations, when Kellogg thought it best to extend the invitation to all nations. Among the initial signatories to the pact that called for the “renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy” were France, the U.S., the U.K., Germany, and Japan. Forty-seven nations would follow in formal adherence. Of course, wars of aggression would also soon follow, as was the case, for instance, when Italy invaded Ethiopia.
By not clearly delineating the boundaries of self-defense and having no enforcement behind it, the Kellogg-Briand Pact was practically useless in achieving its aim as evidenced most tragically by the outbreak of World War II.
Posted in History, War
Tagged Aristide Briand, France, Frank Kellogg, History, Kellogg Briand Pact, Paris, Peace, U.S. History, War, World War I, World War II
The fifth episode of SolArt Radio is finally here and it’s another hour – and then some – of Vivian Shirazzz birthday madness. This week I checked out of the show for the first time, but the ladies did a fine job holding down the mics without me. (Fret not, I will be back in the mix for next weekend’s show – in the meantime, twitter deez nuts!)
New cuts from the Yeah Yeah Yeahs among other songs in Shirazzz’s thematic playlist accompany irreverant chatter about war, peace and sex in this all estrogen edition of SolArt Radio. In between music blocks, the ladies muse about the contemporary meanings of the Greek comedy Lysistrata which is currently staging at Breath of Fire Theater in Santa Ana. Check out the show and support grassroots arts in the community and be sure to tell the Breath of Fire folks where you heard about their show!
As always, tell a friend and spread the word about solartradio.com. In the meantime, you can check the ladies of SolArt out as they will be interviewed this Wednesday at 7 pm on Feminist Magazine 90.7FM KPFK Los Angeles.
Posted in Community, Gender, Los Angeles, Music, Orange County, Sex, Theater, War
Tagged Breath of Fire Latina Theater Ensemble, Community, Feminist Magazine, Gender, Internet Radio, KPFK, Los Angeles, Lysistrata, Orange County, Peace, Radio, Santa Ana, Sex, SolArt Gallery Cafe, SolArt Radio, Theater, Twitter, War, Yeah Yeah Yeahs
Jeannette Rankin Takes Her Seat
Back in the day on April 2nd, 1917 Jeannette Rankin was sworn in as the first Congresswoman in the history of the United States. It didn’t take long for this pacifist woman from the state of Montana to make trouble in the halls of Congress. Just four days into her term, she cast one of the few votes against U.S. entry into World War I stating, “I want to stand by my country, but I cannot vote for war.” Her stance was quickly vilified along gender lines by those who saw women as unfit to be politicians and Rankin lost her seat two years later. After a number of years working for peace, Rankin sought and won re-election to the House of Representatives in 1940. Now among a handful of women legislators, Rankin distinguished herself and made history once more. With World War II raging overseas, she cast the sole vote against U.S. entry into hostilities.
Looking back at Rankin’s career, it’s true as they say, “well behaved women seldom make history.”
Posted in Electoral Politics, Gender, History, War
Tagged Congress, House of Representatives, Jeanette Rankin, Montana, Pacificism, Peace, U.S. History, Women's History, World War I, World War II