Kwame Nkrumah Becomes 1st President of Ghana
Back in the day on July 1st, 1960, Kwame Nkrumah became the first president of the republic of Ghana. Setting the stage years earlier, Ghana became the first black African country to obtain independence from colonial rule on March 6th, 1957. As one of the main motivating forces behind the liberation movement against Britain, Nkrumah served as Ghana’s first Prime Minister before later becoming its first President. The independent example of the West African republic extended beyond Ghana to all colonized African states as Nkrumah became legendary for speaking out against the colonization of the continent. He was also the first to publicly call for Pan-African unity. In 1965, Nkrumah published the book “Neocolonialism” where he exposed how foreign companies and governments were enriching themselves at the expense of the African people. His literary effort drew harsh protest from the US government and resulted in the cutting of economic aid.
The following year, Nkrumah was overthrown in a US-supported military coup going to show that independence from European colonial rule ushered in a new era of struggles for Africa.