Subversive Historian – 03/27/09

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend

Back in the day on March 27th, 1814 the Battle of Horseshoe Bend took place in central Alabama. In the most decisive conflict in the Creek War, future President Andrew Jackson commanded a Tennessee militia backed by native allies against an encampment of Red Stick warriors. Fought along the horseshoe-like bend of the Tallapoosa River, nearly eight-hundred of Chief Menawa’s one-thousand strong Red Stick forces were killed by Jackson’s artillery bombardment and bayonet charge while the others drowned to death. By the summer of 1814, the Creeks were completely defeated and signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson which ceded almost twenty-three million acres of land. This tremendous loss constituted more than half of the Creeks ancestral homeland and the modern state of Alabama was created from it.

With that being said, think of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend with a sense of historical irony the next time you hear the song, “Sweet Home Alabama.”

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One response to “Subversive Historian – 03/27/09

  1. The war didn’t really end there, although Jackson and the U.S. army claimed victory. Red Stick Creeks retreated into Spanish Florida, home of their Seminole cousins, to avoid or resist U.S. hegemony. So Jackson’s next move was to attack the neutral Spanish at Pensacola.

    Despite all this, “Sweet Home Alabama” is IMO one of the ten best rock songs ever recorded.

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