The Monroe Doctrine
Exactly One-Hundred and seventy-five years ago on this day in people’s history, the Monroe Doctrine was declared by the United States. On December 2nd, 1823, President James Monroe addressed Congress and articulated a new foreign policy vision that would come to dominate administrations in the decades and even centuries to come. Outlined by then Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the doctrine held that European powers were not to meddle in the affairs of the newly independent regimes of the Western Hemisphere and that any intervention against Latin America would be interpreted as an act of aggression against the U.S. At the time of the enunciation of the Monroe Doctrine, the U.S. was not yet a world power and as such the proclamation was met with indifference by much of Europe. However, in time as the influence of the U.S. expanded, the parameters of the doctrine functioned to allow its for multiple interventions in hemisphere that engendered anti-Yankee resentment from Latin America.
Indeed, the late Nicaraguan guerrilla fighter Augusto Cesar Sandino sought to proclaim the abolishment of the Monroe Doctrine when he said, “we do not protest against the magnitude of the intervention, but simply against intervention.”